Rose Ghurayyib, (1909-2006), (روز غريب) Lebanese pioneer, novelist, short-story writer, and researcher born in al-Damur. She received her primary education in the convent school in her town then moved to Sidon where she continued her education in the American Anglican School. She attended university at the Beirut College for Women. She then traveled to Iraq and taught Arabic literature at Iraqi universities from 1937 to 1941, after which she returned to Lebanon and continued her studies at the American University of Beirut.
She received a B.A. and then an M.A. in 1945 in literary criticism. She taught Arabic literature at the Beirut College for Girls (later the American Lebanese University) for more than forty years. She published several works of criticism, most importantly al-Naqd aljamfJli wa atharnhu fi-l-naqd al- 'Arabi (Aesthetic Criticism and Its Impact in Arabic Criticism, 1952), al-Tawahhuj wa-l-uful: MaY] Ziyada wa adabuha (Stars Flicker and Set: Mayy Ziyada and Her Works, 1978), NasamfJt wa a'asir fi-l-shi'r al-nisa 'i al-'Arabi al"mu 'asir (Breezes and Cyclones in Contemporary Arab Women's Poetry, 1980), and Aswat 'ala-l-haraka al-nisa 'iya almu'asira (Voices on the Contemporary Women's Movement, 1988).
She also published more than fifty books for children and youth. She was a member of the Children's Literature Committee, the Women's Union, and the Village Revival Association. She received the National Cedar Medal (knight's rank) in 1972 and the Lebanese Gold Medal of Achievement in 1980.
(From Arab Women Writers A Critical reference Guide by Radwa Ashour & Feryal Ghazoul)